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ExtraTorrent.cc > Articles > Internet Infrastructure Is Outdated

Internet Infrastructure Is Outdated

Internet Infrastructure Is Outdated

Added: Monday, August 18th, 2014
Category: Bit Torrent Freedom > The Right To Share
Tags:ET, p2p, Torrent, Piracy, Peer To Peer, Network, Hackers, Internet, BitTorrent, Google, utorrent, bitcomet, extratorrent, www.extratorrent.cc, 2014
Industry experts have warned that a crash disabling eBay in Europe this week won’t be the last blackout, because the decades old systems of the web can’t hold the sheer weight of innovative devices and heavy websites.

oMC8Sf.jpg

The worldwide web has passed a milestone in its relentless growth this week: apparently, traffic across a key element of the Internet reached unprecedented levels and led to meltdown for the older pieces of equipment responsible for keeping data flowing.

One of the Internet traffic monitors revealed that the number of routes suffering outages had doubled to 12,600, while normally outages affect only 6,000 routes. As a result, eBay auctions ground to a halt, causing many complaints from the shopaholics, while office workers found themselves locked out of Microsoft’s cloud service Office 360 and password protection service LastPass. The engineers who were trying to fix the issue explained that the Internet simply broke under its own weight.

The core of the problem appeared a system known as the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). This is actually a map of the web listing hundreds of thousands of routes or pathways that connect all devices to each other and to websites and company servers all over the world. Border Gateway Protocol lists routes for the external Internet, connecting networks owned by ISPs like BT or Virgin, linking them to each other, to foreign ISPs and to destinations like Apple or Google data centers.

Over the last week, the number of routes mapped by BGP passed 512,000. This is significant because older routers fail to remember more than 512,000 routes. This is why some of the older models started to slow down or simply forget routes, thus causing outages.

Other Internet observers blame the rise in traffic on an apparent mistake by Verizon, a US ISP. Its problem lasted only 5 minutes, but turned out to be big enough to bring down large swaths of the Internet.

At the moment, most of the larger Internet companies are somewhere around the 500,000 mark. For instance, Level 3, which joins up national Internet companies, was somewhere at 498,000 a few days ago.

In the meantime, the American tech giant Cisco has been warning since May that some of its older routers would collapse under the strain unless they were given a software update. The problem is that updating or replacing the routers can be complicated. But there is even bigger, related problem – the universe is running out of Internet addresses. National ISPs don’t want to move away from the current system which assigns an Internet address to each device, just like phone numbers. Fortunately, the next generation, IPv6, uses more digits and combines them with letters, so it will provide more addresses than the planet is ever likely to need. Some parts of the United States have already adopted the new address system. As for the UK, its broadband providers have issued some Wi-Fi boxes to their residential customers capable of using it, and one ISP is running both systems in parallel, but none of them has entirely made the switch.



By:
SaM
August 18th,2014

Posted by: 
SaM

Date:  Monday, August 18th, 2014



Comments (15) (please add your comment »)

1
posted by (2014-08-18 03:45:14)
KingTubby avatarQUOTE: "In the meantime, the American tech giant Cisco has been warning since May that some of its older routers would collapse under the strain unless they were given a software update."

I don't see how updating any router's software with a firmware or other update will help, it sounds to me like they are trying to bang a few bucks into someone's pockets there. Speaking as a computer engineer of over 25 years, the limitations of the hardware itself is the issue. A "band aid" software slap on patch won't solve anything except to limit the amount of traffic (which may or may not be optionally configured) within the router itself, that's the only way i can see it working. Overall it will slow the hardware down giving room for more traffic. The hardware itself needs t be upgraded, so what it boils down to is the price involved to actually do the upgrades. Basically i can see "oh let's try this quick fix & see if it works"... As to what the actual "software" they wish to implement within routers does, well that's anyone's guess and i can come up with at least 10 things that they could do straight off the top of my head, which the routers are already capable of anyway...

2
posted by (2014-08-18 05:13:21)
ao1jmm avatarThen upgrade it!

3
posted by (2014-08-18 09:37:52)
spacedust55 avatarjust not thinking ahead as they are supposed to do, just take the bucks and sit back.

4
posted by (2014-08-18 16:00:22)
No avatarIt's just like the debate over Analog vs. Digital TV. Here in North America, the government had to step in and force the industry to switch to digital. If they hadn't, we would still be watching analog tube based TVs. The industry didn't want to switch as long as they were still making money with the old technology. And that is what sometimes slows innovation at the consumer levels. No Corporation is going to switch to new tech UNTIL the consumer demands it, regardless of the cost involved. Eventually corporations are going to be FORCED to switch because nothing else will work. Until then, WE get to suffer their lack of [drive].

5
posted by Trusted UploaderTurtle (2014-08-18 16:37:33)
ponklay avatarLets dump the internet and create a new better version of internet : p

6
posted by (2014-08-18 18:53:10)
rj avatarInteresting article SaM, thanks!

7
posted by Site FriendET loverSuperman (2014-08-18 21:05:48)
Embolism avatarAn interesting article and with increased bandwidth ,more users and the addition of monitoring all communications by the NSA and its partnerships with other countries it can only be expected that the current systems load is too great to be sustained,as the old technology becomes outdated it should be replaced and as previously said a band-aid/patch to manage the load better is only a short term quick fix and a bit of the fortune made by the ISP`s and corporations controlling the major servers has to be spent lest they lose customers and business`s long term,I am sure such sites as Ebay and others who have been affected have probably lost as much in revenue as it would cost a small nation to upgrade its servers already and it will continue till a permanent solution is employed.

8
posted by Trusted UploaderSite FriendET loverSupermanKitty (2014-08-19 01:49:33)
SirSeedsAlot avatar"IPv6, uses more digits and combines them with letters, so it will provide more addresses than the planet is ever likely to need" Famous last words. One day even our rectums will have IP addresses. Let's see the Russians hack those...

9
posted by Site FriendET loverSuperman (2014-08-19 03:55:31)
Embolism avatarIPv6 or version 6 was supposed to compliment IPv4 and take the load off but as of june or july it had only just surpassed 4% of the internets traffic for the 1st time still leaving 96% being routed via IPv4 hence the excessive load on servers.
IPv6 does not specify interoperability features with IPv4, but essentially creates a parallel, independent network. Exchanging traffic between the two networks requires translator gateways employing one of several transition mechanisms, such as NAT64, the tunneling protocols 6to4, 6in4, Teredo therefore will not replace the current IPv4 but compliment it within the parametres of the transition mechanisms as it does in say Azureus/vuze working side by side with IPv4 but not replacing it ,for now. (:^D)

10
posted by Turtle (2014-08-19 15:06:04)
lovs2build avatarToo many porn sites and people watching porn is the problem.

11
posted by ET junkieET loverSupermanmen (2014-08-19 16:19:45)
sn3h1t87 avatarPv6 would get rid of the problem of running out of IP addresses, but I don't see how it would help the router problem, which is what was causing the outages today

12
posted by Trusted UploaderSite FriendET lover (2014-08-19 17:54:07)
Nan1977asdl avatarNo 10 Lool Correct:)PMSL

13
posted by ET loverKitty (2014-08-19 23:11:33)
greymongel avatarpirates and porn baby!!!!!

14
posted by Site FriendET loverSuperman (2014-08-20 00:42:35)
Embolism avatar@10 stop watching it then,Giggidy giggidy!!
(;^D)

15
posted by (2014-08-23 00:38:56)
No avatarsn3h1t87: the problem is that routers are currently only coded to remember 1/2 Meg of address links at any one time. Once that is exceeded, they can't keep track of who was linked to what, and THAT is what caused the crash in Europe (which by the way rippled its way around the world). Most modern routers are coded to accept iPv6, so once they start using that, there will be less problems, because using iPv6 they are coded to remember 1/2 Gig of address links (1000 times more then they can currently remember).



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