!!Common Physics Misconceptions!! !!Test!!
Thu Feb 14, 2013 14:56
after having these troubly replies.. i'll tell the answer >>>>
C) The force of the book on Earth
!!robotfrog!!/ !!Zeberzee!! ur guess is right..
I think you should review what you supposedly know about Newton's Law
So what is the correct answer? It's choice (C), "The force of the book on the Earth!"
The question states, "What is the reaction force of the weight of a book at rest on a table?" The weight of an object is the result of the gravitational pull from some other mass, and in this case from Earth. However, Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation states that every mass pulls on every other mass in the universe with an equal and opposite force. Just as the earth is pulling on the book, the book is pulling back on the earth with the exact same magnitude of force, but in the opposite direction. Using Newton's 2nd Law of motion for an object with constant mass, F = ma, one can see that that the acceleration of the book will be huge compared to the acceleration of the earth because their masses are a factor of 10^24 different! The acceleration on the book is 9.8 m/s/s downward, or what we typically call the acceleration due to gravity g. The acceleration of the earth toward the book is so small that it can't even be measured with any current (or likely future) technology.
Most of you said the answer is (, "The force of the table upward on the book." This is a common misconception, as is obvious from the number of people that chose this incorrect response. Allow me to explain why this is incorrect.
The book is at rest on the table, and so obviously the table is applying an upward force on the book. Because the book is not accelerating up or down the force that the table applies to the book must be equal to the force that the book applies to the table. It just so happens that the magnitude of the force that the table exerts on the book is equal to the weight of the book, but that does NOT mean that it is the reaction force. The reason the size of the forces are the same is because the book's weight is the only force downward at the present time, and the table has enough strength to not fall apart, and therefore pushes upward with the same amount of force that is pushing downward on the table.
What you are thinking of are contact forces, and they also come in pairs. These contact forces are known to physicists as Normal Forces. Mathematically, normal means perpendicular to, and the normal force is always perpendicular to the surface.
Think of it this way: If the table were to suddenly disappear the book would fall to the ground due to its weight (weight is a force) and the earth would accelerate upward a tiny tiny bit from the equal amount of gravitational pull from the book. In this case there is still a force pair, and it is the same as the force pair when the book is at rest on the table.
Why does the book rest on the table? It rests on the table because the table is in the way and pushes upward on the book with a force that just so happens to equal the weight of the book. The force that is pushing upward (the normal force of the table on the book) is actually an electromagnetic force of repulsion between the electrons in the table and the electrons in the book (like charges repel). At the same time, the book is applying a force downward on the table (the normal force of the book on the table), which is also an electromagnetic force of repulsion between the same electrons.
The force pair for the book's weight (the pull from the earth on the book) is the gravitational force from the book pulling on the earth. The force pair for the contact force from the book on the table (the normal force from the book on the table) is the contact force from the table on the book (the normal force from the table on the book).
I found many of your responses quite amusing and others quite shameful, as some people were quite rude to people they thought has the wrong answer. Some of these people were bashing others for having the wrong answer, when in fact it was they that had the wrong answer. I suggest you quickly read the comments before many people delete their incorrect responses and pretend they never picked (.
Some engineers were so convinced that they were right that they were saying they hate their nation for educating the youth incorrectly, even though it was the engineers that were wrong. Some high school physics teachers thought they were right, but were in fact wrong, and have been teaching their students incorrectly all along. Even a degree carrying physicist happened to choose the wrong answer, and then assert he was right because he has a degree in physics. Well, you were wrong.
I hope something can be learned from this, as even those people that think they know what they are talking about don't always know what they are talking about. Please, research things for yourself and question everything! You will never learn if you simply trust what is told to you. I highly recommend some of you pick up a good high school physics book and review it thoroughly before you bash others for disagreeing with you.
So, how do you know you can trust me? Well, because I'm awesome. But seriously, I promise you that the correct answer is (C).
Physics is Awesome!